The book of Exodus is filled with freaky supernatural events.
1) There’s a bush that burns but doesn’t burn up (Ex. 3:2)
2) There’s a staff turned into a snake (Ex. 4:2-4)
3) There are the ten cosmic plagues (Ex. 7-11)
4) The Red Sea is parted (Ex. 14:21-22)
Yes, these miracles are hard to believe. But here, fellow skeptic, is why we can trust that the miracles in the book of Exodus (and the entire Bible by extension) actually happened.
1) The Bible is the inspired word of God (John 10:35; 2 Tim. 3:16; Rom. 9:6; Heb. 4:12).
2) God cannot lie (Heb. 6:18; Titus 1:2).
This leads us to a logical conclusion: If God cannot lie, and the Bible is his inspired word, then the Bible does not lie. We call this the doctrine of “inerrancy.”
Jesus taught that the entire Old Testament is authoritative and points toward him (Luke 24:27). He did not see it as a collection of myths with good morals.
In fact, Jesus taught that
1) There was a literal Adam and Eve (Matt. 19:4-5)
2) Jonah was actually swallowed by the great fish (Matt. 12:40)
3) Noah actually survived the great flood (Matt. 24:37-39)
4) Moses actually encountered the burning bush (Luke 20:37)
Alright, fellow skeptic, I’ll be your huckleberry.
Peter says that he and the other apostles did not follow cleverly devised myths but were eyewitnesses of Christ's majesty (2 Peter 1:16). Here's why we can believe him.
1) When Jesus was killed, he was virtually deserted because his followers thought his promise of an eternal kingdom was over.
2) But Christianity soon spread among a territorial religious group (that would hurl rocks at blasphemers until they were pulp) because people were so convinced that Jesus came back to life.
3) Peter and all the other apostles (except John) were murdered for their belief that Jesus is the savior of the world (John was boiled alive and banished to an island similar to Alcatraz).
If the early church was selling myths then their followers would have stopped believing once everyone started getting killed (as with every other cult). It seems unreasonable to think that so many people would be willing to die for a faith they would have known to be false, especially one that does not promise health, wealth, or power.
All of the miracles in the Bible hang on this central miracle - that Jesus Christ died and then walked the earth again. His resurrection authenticated everything he taught to be true. This includes the miracles in Exodus.
This is only surprising to those of us who live in a land with freedom of the press. It’s not like the ancient Egyptians had hieroglyph bloggers who exposed government conspiracies. The Pharaohs were worshiped as gods. Having your slaves waltz out of your land after embarrassing you is not something that you want to mention in your Pharaoh Memoirs. The truth is that there were Hebrew slaves in Egypt, and then all of a sudden there weren’t. And there certainly wasn't an Egyptian Abraham Lincoln who emancipated them.
It is intellectually dishonest to rule out the possibility of miracles in advance. Miracles are possible because an all-powerful God exists. Sometimes, he chooses to act in explicitly supernatural ways to demonstrate his power and presence. He does this so that “they may believe that the LORD, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.” (Ex. 4:5)
The reality of miracles is hard to accept, but if the Bible does not speak truthfully about the physical realm why should we trust it about the spiritual? In fact, Jesus asks how anyone can believe his words if they don’t believe Moses (John 5:46-47).
So here's the main point: The historical facts and the spiritual teachings of the Bible are inseparable. We have good reason to doubt the miracles depicted in the Bible if Jesus didn’t actually live, die, and resurrect to save us from our sins.
But he did.